Rules, Time & Money.

  • Rules

Main rules of the game is contained in the basic guide at chess tournament.

  • The chess clock

Chess clock consist of two different  time displays but only one is needed to run at a time. A player with the black pieces starts  opponent's timer at the beginning of the game. So, a player with the white pieces will have his timer running firstly and expected to make the first attempt. A player or the referree stop the game whenever opponent has trespass his limits. If a clock is unnoticed when it is time out the games still continues.  The arbiter can interrupt the game when it is necessary to do so.

  • Irregularities in the game of chess

If the starting position is incorrect this will warrant the game to be cancelled. If it is the case of illegal move the game reverts back to the position before the irregularity. The arbiter shall award two minutes extra time to an opponent if there is an illegal move. Any second illegal move shall warrant awarding of the game to an opponent as the winner. Pieces should be placed at appropriate place, and if there is a wrong start of colors, the game should restart except there is an overrule by the arbiter.

  • The recording of moves in Chess games

Games with prolong duration is expected to be recorded by the players i.e the record of all their moves made in the algebraic chess notation. Meanwhile, should a player reaches below five minutes on his clock, but do not have time delay of 30s or more, he is excused from recording the other game  scoresheets are handed over to the authorized. A player is required to make his own move before offering a draw, and should not stop opponents clock before making move.

  • Quickplay finish in Chess game

This is when finishing in a phase of the game with a limited time when moves has to be completed. When a player is left with 2 minutes or less  on his clock, he should ask the arbiter to decide for a draw. The arbiter shall determine if a player's opponent is attempting to win the game by usual way, or if a player can win any way.

  • Scoring in chess game

One point for a win, a half point for a draw, and no points for a loss toward their tournament score, unless otherwise stated by the tournament director beforehand.

  • Player conduct during Chess game

Players are not allowed to cheat in the game. External information is not allowed. Cell phones is not allowed. Once a player finishes his game he is regarded as a spectator. Penalty can be incurred if the rules are not followed. Players can be banned from tournament if he or she cheats or do not obey the rules. Smoking is banned in the tournament.

  • The role of the arbiter in chess game

Responsibility of the arbiter is to regulate and apply the rules of the game and must not interrupt except where necessary such as declaring a game to be lost, reducing scores in a game by the offender etc. as provided by the games rules and regulation. He may also expel an offending spectator.

Systems of games in chess

  • Round-robin

Each participant plays other participant an equal number of times in Round-robin tournament and participants are known as quads. Most of this kind of system are made of small groups. The round robin is used by Australian Chess Federation, World Chess Federation, and United States Chess Federation . Scheveningen system is also used between two chess teams.

  • Swiss system

When there are many participants in a tournament, the   Swiss system is used. Here players are paired with opponents with  equality. Such that players with seven points can play other players with seven points if possible. The player with the most points wins. Pairing is very difficult in swiss system that is why computer selection and pairing of players is deployed.

Elimination in Chess game

The elimination style available in chess games are the knock out style.  Single-elimination tournaments involves the loser being removed from the game from wining the first prize.   But the Double-elimination tournaments is different in that the player is given a second chance, but after second consecutive losses he loses the right to win the first price.

Handicap inclusivity in chess game

Some individuals who are physically challenged are also allowed to participate in international tournaments meant for the handicapped.

Time controls in chess tournaments

Time control mechanism includes:- blitz, standard, and compensation.

In Blitz chess each player starts the game with a specific designated time limit as provided in the handbook. (1) Bullet: one or two minutes per side (2) Blitz: less than 10 minutes for each side (often 5 minutes), sometimes with a small time increment every move (3) Rapid: 10–60 minutes per side (often 25 minutes), sometimes with a small time increment for every move.

Standard time in chess games

This is the type of time control where the player sets its time limit to complete his move. This has been changed over the decade from 1861 – 1980 and now stands at 40 moves within two hours.

Compensation for time loss; There are compensation available for time loss varying from Bronstein delay and fisher delay.

Prizes

Monetary prizes are available for chess players ranging from $30,000 - $400,000 including trophies depending on the tournament organizers.

Some of The History!

Historical background of the tournament

Modern chess had been established in 1475, but  the first tournament took place in Leeds in 1842 during the Great Exhibition which serve as a precursor to future international chess tournament and the pioneer winner was Adolf Anderson who hails from Germany who was regarded as best chess player then. Increase number of tournament followed suit subsequently in Paris, Manchester, New York, Berlin, San Franciso, Birmingham and Vienna. There has been well over thousands of international chess tournament as at 1990.

  • Chess Olympiads (Olympic games)

Olympic Games: there were attempts to include chess game in the 1924 Olympic games. But due to inability to differentiate between amateur and professional chess players made the game to be cancelled at the Olympic. Although the first unofficial chess Olympiad took place in Paris same year took place separately from the Olympics, but also in Paris. Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) was established. In 1927. FIDE organized the first official Chess Olympiad where 16 countries participated. By 1990 the 29th Chess Olympiad witness the 127 member countries participating. Since 1950 the tournament developed and has now been held every two years.

  • Computers in chess tournaments

The newly created Mac Hack Six in 1967 became the first chess computer program to defeat a person. Thereafter tournaments for computers was created. As at 1970 many others were created such as North American Computer Chess Championship (NACCC),  held in New York City, World Computer Chess Championship (WCCC)  held in Stockholm. Kaissa in 1974,  Soviet Union’s  first computer chess champion emerged,  the first World Computer Speed Chess Championship, held in Paderborn, Germany etc.  Rybka won all World Computer Chess Championship from 2007. It however came to the knowledge that it did plagiarized other programs and its license was withdrawn. Some other champions also emerged like Fritz, Junior etc.

 

Chess tournament

A chess is a game for two players each of whom moves 16 pieces according to fixed rules across a checkerboard and tries to checkmate the opponent’s king.

Chess tournament therefore is a sequence or series of chess games which is played in a competitive manner to determine a winner either individually or as a team.

The first international chess competition was held in London in 1851 and has since become a serious competition among serious minded chess players.

Among the famous tournaments for individuals competitions are the Linares chess tournament and Tata Steel chess tournament. While the biggest team chess tournament is the Chess Olympiad. The 1950s, saw chess computers coming into the tournament scene. Tournament are organized by  World Chess Federation (FIDE) and the rules are contained in the handbook and are majorly organize in 3 different styles namely:-  Swiss system style , round-robin style and elimination style to determine a winner.
 

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